PEEK or polyetheretherketone is an advanced engineering plastic with a long list of beneficial properties. These include resilience at high temperatures, abrasion resistance, biocompatibility, resistance to ultra-high vacuum, and exceptional chemical resistance.
PEEK is a semi-crystalline thermoplastic that can continuously operate at temperatures up to 260°C while also being highly chemical resistant. It must be noted, however, that some acids like sulphuric acid will dissolve the material. CNC machining in PEEK is a common way to manufacture parts for use in extreme environments that require mechanical strength, chemical stability, and/or high-temperature resistance. Applications include components for the medical, aerospace, and automotive industries.
|Application||Bearings, washers and gears, spinal implants, surgical tools|
|Advantages||Hydrophobic, minimal outgassing in high vacuum conditions, biocompatible|
|Disdvantages||High cost, biocompatible but does not readily bond to bone|
|Lead Time||Lead time is generally a minimum of 3 days. However, this can increase depending on availability or if the parts are to be internationally manufactured.|
|Tolerances||Machining tolerances of 0.010” (0.25 mm) are achievable.|
|Wall Thickness||A minimum wall thickness of 0.03” (0.8 mm) is achievable. This can vary depending on the ratio of wall thickness to planar dimension.|
|Max Part Size||The maximum size of the part is determined by the machines available and the complexity of the part.|
CNC machining in PEEK allows for a wide array of applications that take advantage of this material’s exceptional properties. PEEK has very few downsides when compared to other engineering plastics. One advantage that sets it apart is its heat resistance. It can operate at high temperatures for longer than most other plastics. Additionally, PEEK is hydrophobic, so it does not readily absorb water, and it also outgasses very little under vacuum conditions. This stability is a great asset. PEEK’s uses include medical applications for temporary implants all the way to aerospace components exposed to extreme vacuum.
|Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa)||Elongation at Break (%)||Hardness (Shore D)||Heat Deflection Temperature (°C)||Glass Transition Temperature (°C)|
PEEK parts are naturally an opaque grey. Given PEEK’s polymeric structure, paints and coatings are difficult to bond to its surface. However, thanks to its inherent chemical resistance, it is often acceptable to leave parts as machined.
Due to the material’s high cost, manufacturing overhead costs must be minimized. One method to help manage the cost of CNC machining in PEEK is by requesting annealing during fabrication. This may reduce surface and internal cracking, which will reduce scrap rate and reduce overall costs for the manufacturer. Other design strategies can be found in our CNC Machining Design Guide.